421 North Albany Street, the site of the establishment of Alpha Phi Alpha.

The Preservation League of New York State announced on March 2 that one of its “Seven to Save” buildings for 2016-17 is 421 N. Albany St., the house where Alpha Phi Alpha [APA], America’s first black fraternity, held its first social study groups in 1905. 

Historical preservationists call it the “Dennis-Newton House,” after Norman Dennis, who built it around 1868, and Edward and Lula Newton, who were the property’s owners when Charles Cardoza Poindexter began inviting friends there in December 1905 for meetings of a club that evolved into APA.

 APA’s “Jewels Heritage Project” would still be happy to take ownership of 421 N. Albany, according to E. Eric Elmore, chairman of the nonprofit set up by APA to preserve and commemorate its Ithaca history. 

“The owner thinks he can fix it himself, and he hired an architect,” Elmore said. “He’s interested in improving it, but I think the cost component is more significant than he’s suggesting.” 

The city condemned the house as unfit for human habitation in November 2012. A complaint lodged by codes inspector Mike Niechwiadowicz in city court against the property owner charges him with 11,042 counts under state property maintenance codes. The large number comes from multiplying 11 code violations by 1,194 days, between the first inspection on record of Nov. 2, 2012 and Feb. 10, 2016. 

In court documents, it was noted that a building permit issued in 2003 to repair roof joists was not completed, and that neighbors to the north side of the house had complained about water pouring onto their property from the roof. Further inspections in May and August of 2015 found that significant issues had not yet been cured. A building permit was issued on Dec. 22, 2015 to the owner, who has held the property since 1982. Calls and an email to the owner were not returned. 

Since the city granted a historical designation to the Dennis-Newton House last year (see “First Black Frat Gets Historical Status,” April 8, 2015), there are tax incentives available for improvements to the property. The Preservation League status comes with no funding attached, according to Elmore. 

“We’re really excited, because there’s been more movement in the last couple of months than we’ve had in the last couple of decades,” Elmore said. “But we are racing against the clock with the condition of the house. We’re concerned it’s on its last leg and might not make it through another season.” 

Elmore said that APA would still be happy to use the house as “a kind of annex” for the Greater Ithaca Activities Center just down the street, where fraternity members and alumni might run programs to mentor youth. 

Without “something tangible in hand,” fundraising for the Jewels Heritage Project is difficult, Elmore said, because “people don’t have much of an assurance” their donations will have immediate impact. The APA nonprofit said it has a goal of $5 million to restore 421 N. Albany and to build a monument at 411 E. State St., where the fraternity was officially incorporated in 1906. 

“We’re hopeful we can make major movements on both of these fronts this year,” Elmore said. “We’ve got a couple people we can go to if we need to buy the property quickly, and until that time we’re building grassroots support for the projects we have planned.” 



(4) comments

Daniel Ithaca

It's good to remember the history. I find it so hard to believe that this has taken so long and the house is in such disrepair.


It appears that Elmore and Brokaw are attempting to force a response by the owner which in fact, the owner need not respond to anyone. As stated in the article, the owner is now working on it and perhaps until now, the funds were unavailable.
The sudden interest by the APA Jewel Heritage Project is campaigning towards
"taking ownership" by what - claiming eminent domain? In 1905, Cornell restricted
folks of color/black folks from gathering in a group on campus and this is why they were invited to this home. While it served it's purpose then, it does not give Elmore or anyone the right to harass the owner or attempt to shame the owner into answering to them for their own purpose of finding a focal point to use to raise funds


towards fulfilling their project goals? They mentioned seven sites but neglected to name them. What kind of journalism is this where one joins the campaign to take one's property for whatever reason?

ManagingEditor Staff
Managing Editor

Neither we nor Mr. Elmore are attempting to force anyone to do anything. This is a building that has been not just declining, but vacant for many years. It turns out that it has a historic past. Was the present owner aware of it at all? Perhaps not. Did making him aware of it change how he feels about the building? Perhaps or perhaps not.

The city has deemed the house unsafe for habitation and has put a red sign with a white cross on the front door. It was at that point that work began being done on the house. The sign was affixed not because of APA interest in the house, but because it had declined to a structural unsound state.

We are a local paper, so we are going to focus on the house on the list that is in Ithaca, not on the six other sites around the state that the State of New York thinks are worth saving.

Welcome to the discussion.

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